Arizona State Study Demonstrates Effectiveness of  Alternative Softeners

A study conducted last year  by researchers at Arizona State University demonstrated that alternatives to domestic ion exchange water softening are effective at reducing scale.

The study, titled “Evaluations of Alternatives to Domestic Ion Exchange Water Softeners,” found that the most promising alternative technology is template assisted crystallization, which demonstrated scale reductions of over 90 percent.

Methods studied were

• Capacitive Deionization
• Electrically Induced Precipitation
• Template Assisted Crystallization
• Electromagnetic Water Treatment

Full details.